Airlines scrambled to adapt to conflict in Europe on Thursday, February 24 as Ukraine closed its airspace, fuel prices soared and carriers were urged to “exercise caution” deep inside Russia hours after Moscow’s military invaded Ukraine.
Moldova, southwest of Ukraine, also halted flights, while Belarus to the north said civilian flights could no longer fly over part of its territory after Russian President Vladimir Putin authorised the dawn operation.
The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) said Ukraine’s skies and airspace in Russia and Belarus within 100 nautical miles of borders with Ukraine could pose risks. “In particular, there is a risk of both intentional targeting and misidentification of civil aircraft,” the agency said.
“The presence and possible use of a wide range of ground and airborne warfare systems pose a high risk for civil flights operating at all altitudes and flight levels.”
It later issued an update on a broader area of Russian airspace, advising airlines to “exercise caution” when flying in air traffic regions controlled from Moscow or Rostov-on-Don. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration expanded an area in or near Ukraine where U.S. airlines cannot operate.
The aviation industry has taken heightened notice of the risks conflicts to pose to civil aviation since Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was shot down over eastern Ukraine in 2014.
EASA said Russia’s defence ministry had sent Ukraine an urgent message warning of high risk to flight safety due to the use of weapons and military equipment and asked Ukraine’s air traffic control to stop flights.
Websites, which before the escalation had shown multiple intelligence-gathering flights over or near Ukraine as the West showcased support by transmitting detectable signals in recent weeks, showed space as civil flights halted and analysts said any military flights went dark.
Airlines skirted the whole country in crowded corridors to the north and west, leaving a hole in the aviation map.
An El Al flight from Tel Aviv to Toronto made a U-turn out of Ukraine’s airspace around the time of its closure, the tracking website FlightRadar24 showed.
A LOT Polish Airlines flight from Warsaw to Kyiv turned back, as did Kyiv-bound flights operated by Air India and Aegean Airlines.
Ukraine International Airlines, which sent part of its fleet to safety abroad last week, diverted one Kyiv-bound flight to Moldova. Some of its planes remained grounded in Kyiv. Hungary’s Wizz Air said it was trying to evacuate Ukrainian-based crew, their families and four aircraft.
In the London insurance world, underwriters acted swiftly to contain their risks. Britain said it had banned all Russian airlines including Aeroflot which operates daily to London, from entering its airspace or landing on its soil.
Airline shares fluctuated, with an index of major European carriers down 6% and U.S carriers erasing early losses, as some analysts warned of a sanctions war forcing carriers to fly longer routes.
Airlines and companies that control jets worth billions of dollars have voiced concerns about the risk of Russia closing its airspace as part of tit-for-tat sanctions.
Air corridors between parts of Europe or North America and Asia stretch across Russia, generating overflight fees. The crisis also cast a shadow over wider travel demand for the third northern summer in a row, after two years of the pandemic.
U.S. carriers have been boosting capacity, expecting a surge in demand to Europe. But the conflict might force travellers to change plans, Mann said. Those that do fly are likely to face higher ticket prices after oil jumped above USD 100 a barrel on Thursday, February 24.
The head of major French aerospace supplier Safran said pent-up travel demand remained strong, however. Russia meanwhile suspended domestic flights to and from several airports near its border with Ukraine, including Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar and Stavropol, until March 2.
An Air India aircraft flying to Ukraine to bring home Indians turned back for Delhi after Ukraine said it has closed its airspace amid Russian military operations in its eastern breakaway areas. NOTAM or notice to airmen was sent to all flights heading to Ukraine. A notice to pilots said the move was “to provide safety” for civil flights.
(With Inputs from Reuters)