Can Thai Airways Soar Again? A Look at its Restructuring and Future Plans

Abhishek Nayar

14 May 2024

Thai Airways International (Thai) has been navigating turbulent skies since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. With the travel industry severely impacted, the Bangkok-based carrier found itself grappling with financial woes, leading to a restructuring process aimed at regaining stability and positioning itself for future growth.

Restructuring Journey and Financial Progress

Commencing in 2020 amidst the pandemic's peak, Thai Airways embarked on a comprehensive restructuring endeavor to address its mounting debts and operational challenges. Over the ensuing years, the airline undertook extensive reforms across its organization, with a primary focus on revitalizing its financial health.

Despite facing significant hurdles, Thai Airways reported a notable achievement with its first full-year net profit in 2023, marking a turnaround from previous losses. However, the first-quarter results of 2024 revealed a mixed picture, with the airline still in profit but experiencing an 80% drop compared to the same period in 2023.

Revenue, Passenger Growth, Operating Costs and Challenges

Amidst the challenges, Thai Airways witnessed promising signs of recovery. In Q1 2024, the airline recorded a year-on-year revenue increase of approximately 11%, driven by a 10% rise in passenger revenues. Passenger numbers surged by 10% as well, reflecting growing confidence in air travel.

While revenue saw an uptick, Thai Airways grappled with escalating operating costs, particularly in non-fuel-related expenditures, which surged by 33.7% compared to Q1 2023. Maintenance costs, especially for engine upkeep, posed a significant burden, alongside expenses related to integrating new aircraft into the fleet.

Fleet Expansion and Route Development

Despite financial pressures, Thai Airways remains committed to enhancing its fleet and expanding its route network. The addition of a Boeing 787-9 and three Airbus A350-900s in Q2 2024 is set to facilitate the launch of new long-haul routes to Europe, catering to destinations like Milan and Oslo from Bangkok.

Future Prospects and Conclusion

Looking ahead, Thai Airways aims to leverage its restructuring efforts and fleet expansion to regain a positive trading position in 2024. The recent order of 45 additional Boeing 787s, with options for more, underscores the airline's commitment to bolstering its regional and long-haul capabilities, positioning it for sustained growth in the years to come.

Thai Airways International's journey through the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic underscores its resilience and determination to emerge stronger. With a strategic focus on restructuring, revenue growth, and fleet expansion, the airline aims to chart a course towards sustained profitability and renewed prominence in the global aviation landscape.

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JAL Soars with North American Expansion

Abhishek Nayar

14 May 2024

In the dynamic realm of aviation, Japan Airlines (JAL) stands out as a prominent player, continually innovating and adapting to meet the evolving needs of travelers. At the recent CAPA Airline Leader Summit Americas 2024, JAL's Regional Vice-President of Global Sales for the Americas, Steve Myer, shared insights into the carrier's strategies and successes, particularly focusing on its North American operations.

North America: A Key Hub for JAL's Success and Expansion Initiatives

Myer emphasized the pivotal role of North America in JAL's global strategy, highlighting its critical contribution to the airline's overall success. With ambitious plans for expansion, JAL is set to introduce new aircraft, including the Airbus A350 and Boeing 787 Dreamliner, further solidifying its presence in the region.

JAL's recent expansion endeavors in North America underscore its commitment to growth and innovation. The carrier has been strategically enhancing its services to key destinations, such as Vancouver, New York, and San Diego, while also introducing cutting-edge aircraft like the A350 to cater to the evolving demands of travelers.

Recent Changes in North American Operations

A glance at JAL's recent operational enhancements reveals a concerted effort to optimize efficiency and passenger experience. From leveraging advanced aircraft like the A350-1000XWB on routes like Tokyo Haneda-New York JFK to expanding services with the Boeing 787-9, JAL is leaving no stone unturned in its quest for excellence.

Navigating Business Travel Challenges and Divergent Corporate Recovery Trajectories

Despite the strides made in expanding its North American footprint, JAL acknowledges the lingering challenges posed by the pandemic, particularly in the realm of business travel. Factors such as foreign exchange rates continue to impact corporate demand, necessitating a nuanced approach to navigating market dynamics.

Myer highlighted the contrasting trajectories of corporate recovery between North America and Japan, emphasizing the need for tailored strategies to address regional nuances. While North America shows signs of rebounding, Japan's corporate travel sector lags behind, presenting unique challenges and opportunities for JAL.

Future Outlook and Strategic Investments

Looking ahead, JAL remains poised for growth, buoyed by strategic investments in next-generation aircraft and international expansion initiatives. With a keen focus on key regions like North America, Asia, and India, JAL is primed to capitalize on emerging opportunities and reinforce its position as a leader in the global aviation industry.


As Japan Airlines charts its course for the future, its unwavering commitment to excellence and innovation shines through. With North America emerging as a cornerstone of its global strategy, JAL is poised to unlock new horizons and redefine the skies for travelers worldwide.

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Has AIX Weathered the Storm of Cabin Crew Strikes?

Abhishek Nayar

14 May 2024

In recent days, Air India Express, the Tata Group-owned airline, has been grappling with a wave of disruptions caused by strikes among its cabin crew. However, amidst the turbulence, there are signs of hope as the airline moves towards restoring its operations and stabilizing its network.

Cabin Crew Strikes and Resolution on the Horizon

The trouble began when a section of cabin crew members went on strike, citing alleged mismanagement within the airline. This led to the cancellation of hundreds of flights, leaving passengers stranded and operations severely hampered. The situation escalated as the strike persisted, exacerbating the challenges faced by Air India Express.

After days of negotiation and conciliation efforts, a breakthrough finally emerged. A meeting convened by the chief labor commissioner saw representatives from both the airline and the Air India Express Employees Union coming to the table. Following this dialogue, the strike was called off, and the airline rescinded termination letters issued to 25 cabin crew members.

Recovery Efforts Underway and Challenges in the Path to Normalcy

With the strike officially over, Air India Express is now focused on getting back on track. According to official statements, the airline is gradually restoring its flights, albeit with some cancellations still in effect. The cabin crew union has emphasized that all members who had reported sick during the strike have returned to duty, signaling a collective effort to overcome the challenges faced.

Despite the positive developments, Air India Express continues to encounter obstacles on its path to full recovery. A glitch in the company's scheduling software has led to discrepancies in the reporting of staff availability, causing confusion among passengers and staff alike. However, efforts are underway to rectify this issue and streamline operations.

Looking Ahead and Conclusion

As the airline works towards stabilizing its network, there is cautious optimism that full normalcy will be restored in the coming days. The commitment shown by both the management and the cabin crew union to resolve the crisis is a promising sign for the future of Air India Express. With diligent efforts and effective communication, the airline aims to regain the trust of its passengers and resume its operations smoothly.

The recent challenges faced by Air India Express have tested the resilience of the airline and its workforce. However, through collaborative efforts and a commitment to finding solutions, progress is being made towards overcoming these obstacles. As the skies clear and operations stabilize, Air India Express stands ready to once again serve its passengers with efficiency and reliability.

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British Airways Owner IAG Soars with Strong First Quarter Performance

Abhishek Nayar

13 May 2024

British Airways owner International Airlines Group (IAG) has taken off to a promising start in 2024, reporting a surge in first-quarter earnings. Bolstered by rising demand during the Easter holiday period, the aviation conglomerate is riding on the wave of recovery as travel restrictions ease and passenger confidence rebounds.

Earnings Surge and Strong Bookings

IAG's first-quarter earnings received a significant boost, with Chief Executive Luis Gallego highlighting the positive impact of increased demand during the Easter holidays. The group, which encompasses airlines such as Iberia, Aer Lingus, and Vueling, reported operating profits totaling 68 million euros, surpassing analysts' forecasts. Gallego further revealed that more than 80% of projected bookings for the second quarter and over 40% for the third quarter have already been secured, indicating a robust outlook for the upcoming months.

Resilience Amidst Global Challenges

Despite global uncertainties, including the conflict in the Middle East, IAG remains resilient. Gallego noted that the group's exposure to the Middle East is minimal, minimizing the impact of regional tensions on its operations. This resilience has translated into positive market sentiment, with shares in IAG rising after the earnings announcement.

Outperforming European Competitors

In contrast to its European counterparts, such as Lufthansa and Air France-KLM, IAG's first-quarter performance stands out. While competitors faced challenges ranging from strikes to one-off issues, IAG demonstrated the strength of its long-haul traffic and its success in reducing debt accumulated during the pandemic. Analysts highlight IAG's higher-margin business model and strategic focus on core markets as key factors driving its outperformance.

Strategic Considerations

Despite its success, IAG remains attentive to regulatory considerations and market dynamics. The group's bid to acquire Spain's Air Europa faces scrutiny from EU antitrust regulators, raising concerns about potential reductions in competition. Gallego indicated the possibility of withdrawing the bid if regulatory conditions become too onerous, underscoring IAG's commitment to compliance and strategic prudence.

Challenges and Opportunities Ahead

Looking ahead, IAG anticipates slightly higher costs in the coming year but remains optimistic about passenger capacity growth. However, delayed deliveries from aircraft manufacturers pose a challenge, constraining capacity expansion and potentially limiting the industry's ability to meet surging demand. Despite these challenges, IAG's focus on operational efficiency and strategic investments positions it well to navigate the evolving landscape of the aviation industry.


International Airlines Group's strong first-quarter performance reflects its resilience, strategic focus, and adaptability in a dynamic operating environment. As the aviation industry continues its recovery trajectory, IAG's proactive approach and solid fundamentals position it as a key player in shaping the future of air travel. With a blend of cautious optimism and strategic foresight, IAG is poised to maintain its upward trajectory and soar to greater heights in the months to come.

With Inputs from Reuters

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IAG's Bid for Air Europa Faces Regulatory Headwinds

Abhishek Nayar

13 May 2024

The aviation industry is once again under the scrutiny of regulatory bodies as International Airlines Group (IAG), the parent company of British Airways and Spanish carrier Iberia, navigates the complexities of its bid for Air Europa. Amidst concerns raised by EU regulators regarding potential monopolistic impacts, IAG finds itself engaged in discussions with various airlines to address competition issues.

Regulatory Concerns and Remedial Measures

EU regulators have expressed apprehensions that IAG's acquisition of Air Europa could diminish competition, leading to potential price hikes in both Spanish domestic and long-haul routes. To assuage these concerns, IAG is in talks with multiple airlines to cede certain routes. The European Commission, which holds the power to approve or block the acquisition, has set a deadline of June 10 for IAG to submit remedies.

Partnership Possibilities and Strategic Acquisition of Air Europa

In its efforts to allay regulatory fears, IAG has identified potential partners to take over renounced routes. Among these are Avianca, Binter, Iberojet, Ryanair, Volotea, and World2Fly. These partnerships not only aim to maintain competition but also signify a collaborative approach within the aviation industry to address regulatory challenges.

IAG's bid for Air Europa stems from a strategic vision to bolster its market presence in Latin America, expand into Asia, and enhance the competitiveness of its Madrid hub. The acquisition, valued at 400 million euros, signifies IAG's ambition to strengthen its foothold in key markets and diversify its route network.

CEO's Perspective and Conclusion

Luis Gallego, Chief Executive of IAG, has affirmed the company's commitment to the acquisition but remains cognizant of the regulatory conditions. While acknowledging the possibility of abandoning the bid if regulatory demands become overly burdensome, Gallego asserts that IAG is not yet at that juncture.

As IAG proceeds with its bid for Air Europa, the aviation industry observes a delicate dance between corporate ambition and regulatory oversight. The outcome of these negotiations will not only shape the competitive landscape of European aviation but also serve as a testament to the evolving dynamics of mergers and acquisitions within the sector. With stakeholders closely monitoring developments, the resolution of this acquisition saga will undoubtedly have far-reaching implications for the future of air travel.

With Inputs from Reuters

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Is the Merger Between Alaska and Hawaiian in Jeopardy?

Abhishek Nayar

13 May 2024

The proposed merger between Alaska Airlines and Hawaiian Airlines is under scrutiny by the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). With a deadline looming, stakeholders await a decision that could significantly impact the future of both airlines and the aviation industry as a whole.


In December 2023, Hawaiian Holdings, the parent company of Hawaiian Airlines, entered into a merger agreement with Alaska Air Group and its subsidiary Marlin Acquisition Corp. The deal, valued at USD 1.9 billion, outlined the merger of Marlin Acquisition and Hawaiian Holdings, with Hawaiian surviving as a subsidiary of Alaska Air Group. The merger would allow both airlines to continue operating under their respective brands while combining their operational platforms.

DOJ Investigation

The DOJ, under the Biden administration, has taken a cautious stance on airline consolidation, evident from its actions in previous cases. On February 7, the DOJ's Antitrust Division issued a "second request" for additional information and documentation regarding the proposed merger. Both Hawaiian Airlines and Alaska Airlines complied, triggering a 90-day waiting period for the finalization of the transaction. This waiting period, as stipulated by the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (HSR Act), is set to expire on August 5.

Collaboration and Compliance

In a filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), both Hawaiian Airlines and Alaska Airlines confirmed substantial compliance with the DOJ's second request on May 7. They expressed their commitment to collaborating with the DOJ throughout the investigation process and anticipated continued cooperation.

Antitrust Lawsuit and Uncertain Future

However, the proposed merger faces opposition from a group of passengers who filed an antitrust lawsuit to block the transaction. The lawsuit argues that the merger would violate federal law by reducing competition and posing a threat to Hawaii's economy.

The outcome of the DOJ investigation and the pending lawsuit leaves the future of the merger uncertain. While both airlines have expressed confidence in the benefits of the merger, regulatory approval is essential for the deal to proceed. The DOJ's cautious approach to airline consolidation, coupled with legal challenges, adds complexity to the situation.


As the August 5 deadline approaches, stakeholders eagerly await the DOJ's decision on the proposed merger between Alaska Airlines and Hawaiian Airlines. The outcome will not only impact the future of both airlines but also shape the landscape of the aviation industry, reflecting the ongoing debate over competition and consolidation.

With Inputs from ch-aviation