HAL sets up a rocket engine manufacturing facility in Bengaluru; to be inaugurated by Madam President


A ₹208-crore Integrated Cryogenic Engine Manufacturing Facility (ICMF) has been established in Bengaluru by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). For the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), it would house the entirety of rocket engine manufacture.

The President of India, Droupadi Murmu will inaugurate HAL’s state-of-the-art Integrated Cryogenic Engine Manufacturing Facility (ICMF) in Bengaluru on September 27, 2022. The facility will cater to the entire Rocket Engine Manufacturing under one roof for ISRO. The facility will boost self-reliance in the manufacturing of Hi-thrust Rocket engines.

The facility is set up over an area of 4500 square metres housing over 70 hi-tech equipment and testing facilities for manufacturing Cryogenic (CE20) and Semi-cryogenic (SE2000) Engines of Indian Space Launch Vehicles.

Cryogenic engines are the most widely used engines in launch vehicles. Due to the complex nature of the cryogenic engine, to date, only a few countries — the USA, France, Japan, China and Russia — have mastered the cryogenic technology.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is using these engines for its heavy light rockets.

On January five, 2014 India successfully flew GSLV-D5 with a cryogenic engine and became the sixth country in developing cryogenic engines. Cryogenic engines are the most advanced propulsion systems in the aerospace industry. They are used in rockets to leave earth’s atmosphere and achieve a stable acceleration in space.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) uses cryogenic engines for its Geostationary Operational Vehicular (GOV). ISRO has also made it mandatory for all private satellite operators to use cryogenic engines from 2020 onwards. There are currently only three manufacturers of cryogenic engines globally – Aerojet, RL10 and LE-5.

HAL sets up a 208-crore rocket engine manufacturing facility.

In 2015, India’s first indigenously designed and developed High Thrust cryogenic rocket engine generating a nominal thrust of 19 tonnes was successfully endurance tested for 800 seconds at ISRO’s Propulsion Complex in Mahendragiri. The engine is being used for powering the Cryogenic stage (C25), the upper stage of ISRO’s GSLV MK-III launch vehicle, which is capable of launching four-tonne class satellites.

The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV MK-II), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV Mk-III), and stage integration for GSLV Mk-II are all manufactured by HAL Aerospace Division.

An MOU was signed with ISRO in 2013 for the establishment of a facility to produce cryogenic engine modules at HAL’s Aerospace Division. It was later updated in 2016 to allow for the establishment of the ICMF with an investment of  ₹208 crores.

The facility will be inaugurated by the President of India, Droupadi Murmu.

The President’s visit, which is scheduled from September 26 to 28, 2022, will also see the President inaugurating the Mysuru Dasara Festival at Chamundi Hills, Mysuru. On 26th September, President Murmu will attend the felicitation function ‘Poura Sanmana’ organized by the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation at Hubli.

The inaugural ceremony of the new campus of the Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIT) Dharwad will also take place. The President will return to New Delhi on September 28, 2022.

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