Most Indian airports will become carbon neutral by December 2024 and achieve Net Zero emissions by 2030, according to a senior official of the ministry of civil aviation.
MoCA had collected carbon emission data from the airports followed by a knowledge-sharing session on airport carbon emission and mapping to standardize carbon accounting and reporting framework of Indian airports and to create awareness on climate change mitigation targets and measures.
Airports can pursue low-cost energy efficiency measures like improving building insulation. These kinds of measures simultaneously reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and operating costs.
Airports can also purchase renewable energy, install airport renewable energy systems (provided they are compatible with airport operations), reduce energy consumption, monitor the efficiency of heating, ventilation, and cooling systems, and purchase low or zero-emission vehicles and GSE.
The airline industry is responsible for nearly 3% of global carbon dioxide emissions.
The airline industry believes its quickest path to net-zero is replacing jet fuel with “sustainable aviation fuel” (SAF) made from renewable sources, such as plants or used cooking oil. In theory, SAF can cut flight emissions by around 80%, depending on how it is made.
GMR-led Delhi International Airport Limited has already become Asia Pacific’s first Level 4+ (Transition) accredited airport under ACI’s airport carbon accreditation program.
At Delhi airport, around 40,000 air purifying plants have been put inside the three-terminal buildings of the airport to clean the indoor air. Nearly 3.9 million square feet within the IGI Airport premises is covered with plants and shrubs.
CSMIA has also taken several steps during the pandemic to optimize energy consumption, resulting in a reduction of 35% of energy usage.
With renewable energy from solar playing a key part in such efforts, it’s time to set clear goals for every large airport across the country to be powered by renewable energy.
Union Civil Aviation Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia, recently said that India is working on making its airport carbon-neutral in future.
At the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in Montreal, Scindia said, the way the civil aviation industry of India has bounced back post the Covid-19 pandemic with all protocols in place shows its resilience and determination. With a robust and holistic plan for the future, he is sure soon, his ministry will set new milestones in the air.